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Exceptional Presentation US M1850 Staff & Field Officerís Sword
Made by Horstmann of Philadelphia and featuring an exceptional 32" double fullered German Damascus blade with etched and gilt "US", eagle, and stands of arms. Makerís logo "HORSTMANN/& SONS/PHILADELPHIA" in gold on the ricasso, with German knightís head blade makerís stamp on the reverse; spine with detailed gilt foliage and "IRON PROOF". Replaced leather blade washer. Deluxe cast brass hilt with cut out foliage and "US"; eagle head quillon with red stone eyes. Hilt originally gold and silver plated, with remnants remaining in protected areas. Solid brass grip (probably silver plated originally) with 12k gold wire. German silver scabbard with deluxe gilt brass mounts, the top band hand engraved in script on the reverse, "Presented to/Col. Samíl H. Leonard/by his/Fellow Officers/of the/13th Regít M.V./July 18, 1861".
Samuel Haven Leonard was born in Bolton, Massachusetts on July 10, 1825, and began his military career in 1846 as a private in the Worcester Guards. By 1860, he was a Brigadier General, but was forced to give up his rank when he moved to Boston, which was out of their jurisdiction. Elected as Captain of A Company, Boston City Guard that same year, he initiated efforts to convert the Company to Rifles, and led the organization of 3 additional companies, making him Major of the newly formed 4th Battalion of Rifles. In May of 1861, the Battalion was called up to Fort Independence, where it formed the nucleus of the 13th Massachusetts Regiment, and Leonard it's Colonel. Mustered in on July 16th for a 3 year term, the 13th departed on July 29th, and would see action at a number of major battles of the War, including the 2nd Battle of Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg (where Colonel Leonard suffered a bullet wound to the arm), Battle of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, and finally the Siege of Petersburg. By the time Leonard mustered out on August 1st, 1864, he was the Senior Colonel of the Army of the Potomac, having spent 2 years of his time commanding a brigade or division. After the war, Leonard returned to his civilian career, running an express company. Included with the sword is a copy of Leonardís service record, 3 copies of archived photos of Leonard, and a wealth of other literature regarding Leonard. There is a copy of an interesting account from a letter of Miss Jennie McCreary about Leonardís convalescence from his wound at Gettysburg at the Smith S. McCreary House, which still exists on Chambersburg Street in Gettysburg. Leonard was wounded on the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg, while the 13th held the extreme right of Doubledayís 1st Corps on Oak Ridge.
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